Wine Country Ontario - Travel Guide 2018 - 15
Your Ontario Wine Glossary
Ta s t e t h e Ta s t e s . Ta l k t h e Ta l k .
Acid is an essential balance for the natural sugars and tannins also present in wines.
Acidity creates bright freshness, helps define fruit flavours and allows a wine to age properly.
Many wines benefit from aging, both in the barrel and in the bottle. It can help develop more
complex and balanced flavours. In general, reds take/need more time to age.
Simply put, where the wine is from. An appellation is an area that combines factors of climate,
weather and soil composition (terroir) to create distinctive styles and flavour profiles in wine.
How "heavy" the wine feels in your mouth, its viscosity and consistency.
This is determined both by the level of alcohol and the intensity of flavours.
Higher alcohol can give wines a richer mouth-feel.
Charmat or Cuve Close
A method of making sparkling wine. Base wine is mixed with a small amount of sugar and
yeast in large pressurized tanks to undergo a secondary fermentation to give the wine its
characteristic bubbles. In the traditional method, this process happens in each individual bottle.
How juice becomes wine. Fermentation is a chemical process that uses yeast to
turn the sugars in grape juice into alcohol. While consuming sugars, yeast also produces
carbon dioxide, which is what adds carbonation to sparkling wines.
In other words, a fancy term for how it smells! The nose is just as important as the
tongue in wine tasting. The "nose" of a wine can have notes of fruit, spice, wood, herbs and
flowers. The more you taste, the more you'll identify signature aromas in different wines.
A natural astringent chemical found in grape skins and oak barrels, tannin adds
structure and elegance to wines. A natural preservative, it also helps a wine age. Tannin is
more present in red wines, as the juice spends more time in contact with the skins.
The year of the growing season that produced a particular wine.
Vintage can vary widely due to weather, temperature and humidity and the
same vines can produce very different wines from year to year.
If you've ever tasted wine, chances are you've had vitis vinifera. This is the Latin name
for the species of grape used in almost every modern wine. Originating in Europe,
it's now cultivated around the world, bred over centuries into the varieties you know,
such as Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon and hundreds more.
VQA Wines of Ontario
Your assurance that the wine you are drinking was crafted according
to strict quality standards and made from grapes grown only in Ontario.
VQA | 2018/19 Travel Guide