Napa Valley California - 20

FIRST LOOK I HISTORY

Deep
Roots

NAPA VALLEY'S HISTORY STARTS WITH
THE SOIL AND IS CELEBRATED WITH
WIDE, OPEN SPACES.
If George Calvert Yount hadn't been such a
talented carpenter back in the 19th century, the
agriculture-rich Napa Valley we know today might
have been a very different place. Thanks to Yount's
superb woodworking skills, he caught the eye of
General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, who hired
him to build cabins while transitioning the region
from a Mexican territory to a U.S. state.
In 1836, Vallejo granted Yount the 11,887-acre
Rancho Caymus in what's now Napa County,
where Yount built a home and became the area's
first European permanent settler. By 1839, Yount
had installed vineyards, planting the area's first
wine grapes and finding success with the fruit.
Yount passed away in 1865 before seeing the
town of Yountville named in his honor two years
later. Still, Yount witnessed the start of the Napa
Valley viticultural evolution. Other vineyard pioneers, such as John Patchett and Hamilton Walker
Crabb, quickly followed in his grape-stained

20

VISITNAPAVALLEY.COM | 2019

back to d
the lan
footsteps, and in 1861, Charles Krug founded
Napa Valley's first commercial winery. The race
was on, and the area soon welcomed Schramsberg
Vineyards, (1862), Beringer (1876), and Inglenook
(1879), with more than 140 wineries in operation
by 1889. In the early 1920s, however, prohibition
shut down many of these wineries. Prohibition
was repealed in 1933, and in the early 1940s,
realizing the importance of working together,
seven local winemakers formed the first Vintners
Association (now 550 members strong). Robert
Mondavi established his namesake winery in 1966.
His marketing skills helped put the region on the
global map, followed by the most extraordinary

At the age of 27, Charles Krug,
a Prussian immigrant, arrived in
America. Just nine years later,
he built what would become
the cornerstone of the Napa
Valley - Charles Krug Winery,
in St. Helena. Krug, an inspirational leader with innovative
ideas, greatly influenced the
Valley's development as a
world-renowned wine region.
He introduced the cider press
for winemaking, the first of
which is still on display at Krug
Winery. He carefully selected
rootstocks, varietals, vine
spacing, and vineyard sites - a
novel concept in late 19thcentury America.

COURTESY OF C. MONDAVI & FAMILY

BY CAREY SWEET


http://www.VISITNAPAVALLEY.COM

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Napa Valley California

Contents
Napa Valley California - Cover1
Napa Valley California - Cover2
Napa Valley California - 1
Napa Valley California - 2
Napa Valley California - Contents
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