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each part of the produce industry - primary (growers),
secondary (wholesale/retail) and processors. Her data
demonstrate that the greatest challenge for primary
respondents was the cost of compliance (61 percent), while
the greatest challenge for secondary and processing was their
current knowledge about the FSMA (68 and 58 percent,
respectively). All three sectors of the produce industry
indicated extension's ability to provide training as the least
significant challenge.
With these things in mind, a qualitative evaluation was
conducted with participants after they attended a Food
Safety Preventive Controls Alliance (FSPCA) training at the
Southern Center. As a result of this training, respondents
indicated they possessed the competencies needed to
conduct their own FSPCA trainings, and their knowledge of
FSMA was improved. However, Dr. Danyluk reported that
some respondents noted "implementation difficulties may
exist in supply chain requirements, such as accountability at
different points in the supply chain" and suggested the use of
real-world examples in future FSPCA trainings (2).

FSMA implementation that have been encountered by
food safety personnel in governmental agencies, academia,
and industry. FSMA represents a legislative opportunity to
build a preventive system to control foodborne illnesses and
reduce their public health impact. Collaboration between
academicians, the food industry, government, and consumers
is required to maximize the positive impact that is intended
by FSMA. In addition to sharing information and providing
opportunity for discussion, this symposium offered an
occasion for networking and building relationships, which
is critical for ensuring that all impacted by FSMA are
equipped with the necessary resources to fulfill all legislative
requirements.

CONCLUSION
This roundtable was intended to identify and illustrate
both the challenges and opportunities associated with

Author Information
Phone: +1 785.532.1667
E-mail: vtrinetta@ksu.edu

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
The authors thank Dr. Kristen Spotz, Dr. Fadi Aramouni,
Dr. Peyman Fatemi and Dr. Michelle Danyluk for participating in the symposium and kindly sharing the presentation
material. A special thanks to Melissa Harvey for assistance
with the writing process.

REFERENCES
1. Aramouni, F. 2017. The Role of Academia in
FSMA Training. Available from the very real
impact of the Food Safety Modernization
Act, symposium conducted at the Institute
of Food Technology Annual Meeting in Las
Vegas, June 2017.
2. Danyluk, M. 2017. The voice of the
stakeholder in the new regulatory framework.
Available from the very real impact of the
Food Safety Modernization Act, symposium
conducted at the Institute of Food
Technology Annual Meeting in Las Vegas,
June 2017.
3. Fatemi, P. J. 2017. Implementing FSMA:
Food industry challenges. Available from
the very real impact of the Food Safety
Modernization Act, symposium conducted
at the Institute of Food Technology Annual
Meeting in Las Vegas, June 2017.

4. GMA. 2016. Reference sheet for FSMA
compliance dates. Available at http://www.
gmaonline.org/file-manager/FSMA%20
Compliance%20Dates (5).pdf. Accessed 8
January 2018.
5. Grossman, M. R. 2016. United States: FDA
issues final rules under the 2011 Food Safety
Modernization Act. European Food Feed Law
Rev. 11:63-66.
6. Grover, A. K., S. Chopra, and G. A. Mosher.
2016. Food Safety Modernization Act - a
quality management approach to identify
and prioritize factors affecting adoption
of preventive controls among small food
facilities. Food Control 66:241-249.

8. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. 2014.
Operational strategy for implementing
the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act
(FSMA). Available at https://www.fda.
gov/Food/ Guidance Regulation/FSMA/
ucm395105.htm. Accessed 6 January 2018.
9. U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
2017. Background on the FDA Food
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Available at https://www.fda.gov/Food/
GuidanceRegulation/ FSMA/ucm239907.
htm. Accessed 7 January 2018.

7. Morille-Hinds, T., and K. Odza. 2013. The
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know. Food Prot. Trends 3:108-113.

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Food Protection Trends - July/August 2018

Evaluating the Implementation of Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) in Small Scale Abattoirs of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Training Hard-to-Reach Pennsylvanian Cheesemakers about Food Safety, Using a Low-tech Training Tool
Food-handling Behaviors of Student Volunteers Food-handling Behaviors of Student Volunteers
Beoybon Taud thxee Bio
IAFP European Symposium on Food Safety Highlights
IAFP's European Student Travel Scholarship
PDG Highlight Beverages and Acid/Acidified Foods Professional Development Group
General Interest Paper The Very Real Impact of the Food Safety Modernization Act: A Roundtable Symposium Addressing FSMA’s Effect on Academia and Industry
Industry Products
Food Protection Trends - July/August 2018 - Cover1
Food Protection Trends - July/August 2018 - Cover2
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Food Protection Trends - July/August 2018 - 249
Food Protection Trends - July/August 2018 - Evaluating the Implementation of Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) in Small Scale Abattoirs of Tigray Region, Ethiopia
Food Protection Trends - July/August 2018 - 251
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Food Protection Trends - July/August 2018 - 265
Food Protection Trends - July/August 2018 - Training Hard-to-Reach Pennsylvanian Cheesemakers about Food Safety, Using a Low-tech Training Tool
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Food Protection Trends - July/August 2018 - Food-handling Behaviors of Student Volunteers Food-handling Behaviors of Student Volunteers
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Food Protection Trends - July/August 2018 - Beoybon Taud thxee Bio
Food Protection Trends - July/August 2018 - 299
Food Protection Trends - July/August 2018 - IAFP European Symposium on Food Safety Highlights
Food Protection Trends - July/August 2018 - 301
Food Protection Trends - July/August 2018 - IAFP's European Student Travel Scholarship
Food Protection Trends - July/August 2018 - PDG Highlight Beverages and Acid/Acidified Foods Professional Development Group
Food Protection Trends - July/August 2018 - General Interest Paper The Very Real Impact of the Food Safety Modernization Act: A Roundtable Symposium Addressing FSMA’s Effect on Academia and Industry
Food Protection Trends - July/August 2018 - 305
Food Protection Trends - July/August 2018 - 306
Food Protection Trends - July/August 2018 - 307
Food Protection Trends - July/August 2018 - 308
Food Protection Trends - July/August 2018 - Industry Products
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