Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 32

The earliest Spanish guitars
seem to have emerged in Northern
Spain circa 1000 AD; no one knows
for sure and no examples have
survived. A good argument can be
made for a fusion of the Arabic l'ud
and Latin kithara... but, who knows?
And, it just so happens the Spanish
guitar appeared about the time Christian Spaniards in the north began to
formulate the notion of Reconquista,
or taking back ancestral territory. The
guitar caught on and, like the l'ud,
accompanied Spanish armies as they
reclaimed the Peninsula.
Guitars and lutes crisscrossed paths
through European history and collided
with creation of the hybrid lute-guitar,
which occurred primarily in Germany
around the turn of the 20th century.
During the 12th and 13th centuries,
the German poet-musician version of
French troubadours was known as the
minnesinger, who sang his/her poetry
to instrumental accompaniment,
including undefined "lutes"
that would have been related
to the l'ud.

The memory of minnesingers was revived in Germany with Richard Wagner's
opera, Die Meistersinger von
N├╝renburg, which debuted
in 1868. Wagner's opera celebrated Germanic art and served
as an anthem for Germany's unification in 1871, remaining popular
through the 1930s. The lute-guitar
was born during this period of
nostalgia and nationalism.
The Migma "brand" was centered around Markneukirchen,
which at one point produced the
majority of the world's guitars.
Located in southeastern Germany, in Saxony, near the border
with what's now Czechoslovakia,
Markneukirchen has been a
major producer of stringed
The wooden frets glued to the top
of this 1948 Migma Laute-Guitarre
are more decorative than
functional. Note the thin
maple ribs and
cedar neck.

VINTAGE GUITAR

32

February 2018

instruments since Protestants, some
of whom were luthiers, fled religious
persecution in Bavaria and settled
in Saxony during the 1600s. The
Centennial Exposition of 1876
(held in Philadelphia) featured an
enormous display of guitars from
Markneukirchen.
German trades - especially lutherie
- have historically been dominated by
the guild system, basically unions on
steroids. What's more, there is a strong
related tradition of cooperatives or
collectives, in which individual luthiers
contribute instruments to an organization that markets them under a common
"brand" name. This is remarkably similar to the system of trading companies
and workshops in Japan.
There isn't much information on
Migma, however, it apparently had
its origins in a collective that formed
circa 1931. The official appearance of
"Migma" reportedly occurred in '43
and drew upon luthiers throughout
Germany. Sources suggest that
by the following year, more
than 150 guitar makers were


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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Vintage Guitar - February 2018

Contents
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - Cover
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - IFC
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 3
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 4
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 5
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 6
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 7
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 8
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 9
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - Contents
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 11
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 12
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 13
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 14
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 15
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 16
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 17
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 18
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 19
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 20
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 21
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 22
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 23
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 24
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 25
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 26
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 27
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 28
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 29
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 30
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 31
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 32
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 33
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 34
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 35
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 36
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 37
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 38
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 39
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 40
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 41
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 42
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 43
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Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 45
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 46
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 47
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 48
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Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 50
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 51
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 52
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 53
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Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 55
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 56
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 57
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 58
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Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 60
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 61
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 62
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - 63
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Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - IBC
Vintage Guitar - February 2018 - BC
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