ITE Journal - May 2020 - 24

ITE Presidents -1960s

Urban Mass Transit Act - January 1, 1964
This act creates the Urban Mass Transit Administration, providing federal subsidies to public
transit agencies for mass transit projects for the first time.

Department of Transportation Act - 1967
On October 15, President Johnson signs the Department of Transportation Act, which creates
the new cabinet-level department. The new Department begins full operations on April 1,
1967, immediately becoming the fifth largest department in the federal government.
George W. Howie
1963

Pioneer in Transportation: E.H. (Ted) Holmes
In 1962, as director of research of the Bureau of Public Roads, Ted Holmes fathered the development of the National Cooperative Highway Research Program. The program funnels federal
funds through the states to the National Academy of Science's Transportation Research Board
providing steady financial support for essential research. 2

Freedom Riders: The Fight for Civil Rights
Alexander L. Hutchinson
1966

Though segregation on public buses was deemed unconstitutional by the Supreme Court
in 1946, many states and communities in the South continued the practice. In 1961, civil
rights activists called Freedom Riders rode interstate buses to challenge local laws or customs
that enforced seating according to race. Freedom Fighters faced resistance and arrest during
their first ride; during later rides, they suffered violent attacks. These activists called national
attention to the disregard for federal law, and bolstered the credibility of the American Civil
Rights Movement.3 itej

Edmund R. Ricker
1967

Library of Congress

David M. Baldwin
1968

Civil Rights activists line up at the March on Washington in 1963.

Marble J. Hensley Sr.
1969

24

May 2020

i te j o urnal

1) The history of transportation in the United States was compiled with assistance from the U.S. Department of Transportation's "History
of Transportation" webpage, https://www.transportation.gov/50/timeline. 2) Robinson, Carlton C.; Goodman, Leon; Brahms, Thomas
W.; Pline, James C.; Dondaville, Laurence A.; Pisarski, Alan E. Pioneers of Transportation, February 1, 2011, Institute of Transportation
Engineers. (Accessed February 26, 2020). https://www.ite.org/pub/?id=5AFE0861-FEF3-C067-77A8-22F9A311AF16. 3) "Freedom
Rides."The Martin Luther King, Jr. Research and Education Institute. https://kinginstitute.stanford.edu/encyclopedia/freedom-rides [Accessed March 30, 2020]. 4) Information on the history of the MUTCD was gathered from ITE Journal articles written by H. Gene Hawkins,
Ph.D., P.E. (F) between 1991-1994. He maintains a website on the history of the MUTCD. For more information visit https://ceprofs.civil.
tamu.edu/ghawkins/MUTCD-History.htm.


https://www.transportation.gov/50/timeline https://www.ite.org/pub/?id=5AFE0861-FEF3-C067-77A8-22F9A311AF16 https://kinginstitute.stanford.edu/encyclopedia/freedom-rides https://ceprofs.civil.tamu.edu/ghawkins/MUTCD-History.htm https://ceprofs.civil.tamu.edu/ghawkins/MUTCD-History.htm

ITE Journal - May 2020

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